‘Uthmaan: The First One To Allow Muslims To Campaign By Sea

Posted in ‘Uthmaan's Khilaafah on April 24, 2009 by A Servant Of Allaah

When Mu’aawiyyah bin Abee Sufyaan was the governor of Syria, he urged ‘Umar bin al-Khattaab to campaign by sea, and told him how close the Byzantines were to Homs. He said, “In one of the villages of Homs, the people can hear the barking of their dogs and the crowing of their roosters.” 

‘Umar was almost convinced, and so he wrote to ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas saying, “Describe to me the sea and those who sail on it, for I am thinking about it.”  ‘Amr wrote to him saying, “It is like a huge creature being ridden by a small creature; if it stays still it will scare you and if it moves it will make you lose your mind; there is no certainty about it and great doubts about it. They (sailors) are like worms on a stick; if it tilts they will drown and if it is saved you will be astonished.” When ‘Umar read the letter of  ‘Amr, he wrote to Mu’aawiyyah saying, “No! By the One Who sent Muhammad with the Turth, I will never let a Muslim campaign by sea.  By Allaah, a Muslim is dearer to me than all that the Byzantines have.  Stop suggesting that to me.” 

But the idea kept nagging at Mu’aawiyyah; he saw the Byzantines and their land, and kept hoping to conquer it.  When ‘Uthmaan became the Khaleefah, he brought the matter up again and urged ‘Uthmaan to consider it.  ‘Uthmaan replied by saying, “I am already aware of how ‘Umar (may Allaah have mercy upon him) responded when you asked him for permission to campaign by sea.”  Then Mu’aawiyyah wrote to him again, trying to convince him that it was no major thing to travel by sea to Cyprus.  ‘Uthmaan wrote back to him saying, “If you take your wife with you, then you have our permission to go, otherwise no.”  ‘Uthmaan stipulated further conditions by saying, “Do not select people and do not draw lots; give them the choice, and whoever chooses to go willingly, let him go with you and help him.”  When Mu’aawiyyah read the letter of ‘Uthmaan he started mobilising people to travel by sea to Cyprus. He wrote to the people on the coast ordering them to repair their ships and bring them close to the coast in Palestine at Acre, which he had refurbished so that the Muslims could travel from there to Cyprus.

[A collection of narrations taken from: Taareekh at-Tabaree 5/258-260; al-Idaarah al-‘Askariyyah fid-Dawlah al-Islaamiyyah 2/538]

‘O ‘Uthmaan, break your fast with us today.’

Posted in The Fitnah During His Khilaafah on April 13, 2009 by A Servant Of Allaah

On the last day of the siege (which was the day on which ‘Uthmaan was murdered), he was fasting that day and fell asleep in the morning, and he told the people, “They are going to kill me today.”  Then he said, “I saw the Prophet – sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – in my dream.  Aboo Bakr and ‘Umar were with him, and the Prophet – sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said to me, ‘O ‘Uthmaan, break your fast with us today.'”

[A Hasan narration taken from Fitnah Maqtal ‘Uthmaan 1/175]

‘Uthmaan’s Last Khutbah

Posted in The Character Of ‘Uthmaan, The Fitnah During His Khilaafah on April 13, 2009 by A Servant Of Allaah

‘Uthmaan’s last khutbah to the people of Madeenah several weeks after the siege:

“Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, has given you this world as a means of seeking the Hereafter; He has not given you this world for you to be content with it.  This world is transient but the Hereafter will abide forever. So do not let that which is transient distract you from that which will abide forever.  Show preference to that which will abide forever over that which is transient.  This world will come to an end and your destiny will be with Allaah.  Fear Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, for fear of Him is a protection and a shield against His Wrath and Punishment.  Adhere to the main body of the Muslims and do not break into fractions. 

Allaah Says (which means): ‘And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (this Qur’aan), and be do not divided among yourselves, and remember Allaah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grave, you became brethren, and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it.  Thus Allaah makes His Aayaat clear to you, that you may be guided.’ (Aal-‘Imraan).

O people of Madeenah! I bid you farewell, and I ask Allaah to appoint a good Khaleefah for you after I am gone.  By Allaah, I shall never enter upon anyone again after this day until Allaah lets His Decree come to pass.  I shall leave these rebels outside the door and I shall not give them anything they might use against you in religious or wordly terms, until Allaah Decrees whatever He Wills.”

[Taareekh at-Tabaree 5/399]

“How easy it is to settle a score before it is settled in the Aakhirah.”

Posted in The Character Of ‘Uthmaan on April 13, 2009 by A Servant Of Allaah

‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan entered upon a slave of his who was feeding his she-camel, and he saw something in the feed that he disliked, so he took hold of the slave’s ear and tweaked it. Then he regretted it and said to his slave:

“Settle the score.”

The slave refused, but ‘Uthmaan did not leave him alone until he had taken hold of his ear and begun to tweak it.  ‘Uthmaan said, “Pull hard,” until he thought that the slave had pulled as hard as he had done. Then ‘Uthmaan said:

“How easy it is to settle a score before it is settled in the Aakhirah.”

[Akhbaar al-Madeenah 3/236]

“…and ‘Uthmaan was tied to ‘Umar.”

Posted in What The Messenger of Allaah Said About ‘Uthmaan on June 9, 2008 by A Servant Of Allaah

The Prophet – sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said:

“Last night a righteous man was shown (in a dream) that Aboo Bakr was tied to the Messenger of Allaah, and ‘Umar was tied to Aboo Bakr, and ‘Uthmaan was tied to ‘Umar.”

Jaabir bin ‘Abdillaah – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – said, “When we left the Messenger of Allaah, we said, ‘As for the righteous man, that was the Messenger of Allaah, and for their being tied to one another, they will be in charge of this matter with which Allaah has sent His Prophet.'”

[Sunan Abee Daawood: 2/513] 

“Who would you nominate to be the Khaleefah?”

Posted in ‘Uthmaan's Khilaafah on June 9, 2008 by A Servant Of Allaah

‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Awf visited ‘Alee one day and said to him: “If I do not choose you to be the Khaleefah, then tell me who would you nominate to be the Khaleefah?” ‘Alee said: “‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan.” ‘Abdur-Rahmaan then visited ‘Uthmaan and asked him: “If I do not choose you to be the Khaleefah, then tell me who would you nominate to be the Khaleefah?” ‘Uthmaan said: “‘Alee bin Abee Taalib.”

[Saheeh al-Bukhaaree: 7207]

‘Do not look at me, for that is not permissable for you.’

Posted in The Character Of ‘Uthmaan on June 9, 2008 by A Servant Of Allaah

Banaanah, the slave woman of ‘Uthmaan’s wife narrated: “When ‘Uthmaan bathed, I would bring him his garment and he would say, ‘Do not look at me, for that is not permissable for you.’

[Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d: 3/59]